Gabriel Gonzáles Merlano is a priest with a Bachelor of Theology from the Gregorian University of Rome, a Bachelor of Canon Law from the Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca, and a Doctor of Canon Law from the Pontificia Universidad Católica Argentina. He is a judge and judicial vicar of the Ecclesiastical Court of Canelones. Since 1999, he is dedicated to teaching, and is currently a full professor at the Faculty of Law of Universidad Católica del Uruguay, and a researcher in the area of the state-law-religion relationship. Professor Merlano is a founding member of the Institute of Religious Law of the State (IDRE) and a member of the Latin American Consortium for Religious Freedom (CLLR). He has participated in forums and conferences in Uruguay and abroad, and is also the author of books and articles in national and international publications, mainly in relation to the canonical subject, freedom of religion, and philosophy and history law.